▪ *The Covenant that Allaah سبحانه و تعالى Took from His Slaves*
“Allaah سبحانه و تعالى will say to the one who has been punished the least from the people of the Hell-fire on the Day of Judgment: ‘O son of Adam! How have you found your resting place?’
He will say: ’An evil resting place!’
It will be said to him: ‘If you had the world and everything in it, would you ransom yourself with it?’
He will say: Yes.
Allaah سبحانه و تعالى will say: You have lied, what I wanted from you was less than that, while you were in the spine (and in another narration: in the back) of Adam, that you do not associate anything with Me, and I will not enter you into the fire, but you refused and committed Shirk. He will be ordered to be taken to the fire.’
▪Regarding this hadeeth:
• Regarding His saying: ‘He will say: you have lied.’ An-Nawawee رحمه الله تعالى said:
‘It means: If We returned you to the Dunya, you would not have ransomed it, because you were asked for something easier than that but you refused. This will have the same meaning as in the saying of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى:
<< But if they were returned (to the world), they would certainly revert to that which they were forbidden. And indeed they are liars >>
Therefore, the meaning of this hadeeth is combined with the saying of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى:
<< If they had all that is in the earth, and as much again therewith to ransom themselves thereby >>
• Regarding, His saying: ‘I wanted from you’: i.e. I would have loved from you. When the word ‘Allaah’s Will’ (al-Irada) is mentioned in the Sharia’, it is used in the absolute sense. It means what is general both from the good and the bad, guidance and misguidance.
As is mentioned in the saying of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى:
<< And whomsoever Allaah wills to guide, He opens his heart to Islaam, and whomsoever He wills to send astray, He makes his heart closed and constricted, as if he is climbing up to the sky. >>
This Will of Allaah (al-Irada) is that which will most definitely happen. Sometimes when this Will of Allaah (al-Irada) is applied it means, that which is the synonym of love and being pleased. As is mentioned in the saying of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى:
<< Allaah intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for you >>
That is the meaning of the intent of the saying of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى in this hadeeth:
‘I wanted from you’ i.e. that I loved from you. The Will of Allaah (al-Irada) with this meaning might not happen, since Allaah Tabaraka wa Ta’ala does not force anyone to obey Him, even though He created them because of it.
<< Then whosoever wills, let him believe, and whosoever wills, let him disbelieve >>
So, therefore Allaah سبحانه و تعالى could want from His slave that what Allaah does not love from His slave, and Allaah loves from His slave that which His slave does not want.
Ibnul Qayyim رحمه الله تعالى called this Will of Allaah (al-Irada) a will of the order of being (al-Irada), taking that from the saying of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى:
<< Verily, His Command, when He intends a thing, is only that He says to it, “Be!” and it is>>
He called the other Will (al-Irada) which is a synonym for ‘being pleased’: the Sharia’ Will (al-Irada).
Whoever understands this division, then he has a solution to many of the problems of understanding the issues of al-Qadaa (Allaah’s ordainment of everything in creation) and al-Qadr (Allaah’s Pre-decree for the creation). And he will succeed from the fitna (tribulations) of the stance of those who say that a person does actions under force, or who hold the beliefs of the Mu’tazilah. The explanation of this can be found in the magnificent book ‘Shifaa’ al-Aleel al-Qadaa wal-Qadr wal-Hikmaah wa Ta’aleel’ by Ibnul-Qayyim رحمه الله تعالى.
• Regarding His saying: ‘……. and you were in the spine of Adam.’ Qadi Iyaad said:
‘The Messenger indicates to the saying of Allaah Ta’ala << And (remember) when your Lord brought forth from the Children of Adam, from their loins, their seed (or from Adam’s loin his offspring)>>, in the Ayaah.
This covenant was taken from them while they were in the spine of Adam. So, whoever fulfills it after he is brought into this world then he is a believer, and whoever does not fulfill it, is a Kaafir.
Therefore, the intent of this hadeeth is: I wanted from you when I took the covenant, but you refused so I took you to the Dunya but you committed Shirk.’
This is mentioned in ‘al-Fath.’
✍🏼Explained By the Muhaaddith, the Allaamah, Sheikh Naasirud-Deen al-Albaani (رحمه الله تعالى),
📙Source: Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah of Sheikh Al-Albaani (رحمه الله تعالى)