(Iblis) said: “Because You have ‘Aghwaytni’ (sent me astray), surely, I will sit in wait against them (human beings) on Your straight path. Then I will come to them from before them and behind them, from their right and from their left, and You will not find most of them to be thankful.” (Soorah Al-Araaf 16-17)
Allah said that after He gave respite to Shaytan,
(till the Day they are raised up (resurrected)) and Iblis was sure that he got what he wanted, he went on in defiance and rebellion.
(“Because You have `Aghwaytani’, surely, I will sit in wait against them (human beings) on Your straight path.”) meaning, as You have sent me astray. Ibn `Abbas said that `Aghwaytani’ means, “Misguided me.” Others said, “As You caused my ruin, I will sit in wait for Your servants whom You will create from the offspring of the one you expelled me for.” He went on,
(Your straight path), the path of truth and the way of safety. I (Iblis) will misguide them from this path so that they do not worship You Alone, because You sent me astray. Mujahid said that the `straight path’, refers to the truth.
Imam Ahmad recorded that Saburah bin Abi Al-Fakih said that he heard the Messenger of Allah saying,
(Shaytan sat in wait for the Son of Adam in all his paths. He sat in the path of Islam, saying, `Would you embrace Islam and abandon your religion and the religion of your forefathers’ However, the Son of Adam disobeyed Shaytan and embraced Islam. So Shaytan sat in the path of Hijrah (migration in the cause of Allah), saying, `Would you migrate and leave your land and sky’ But the parable of the Muhajir is that of a horse in his stamina So, he disobeyed Shaytan and migrated. So Shaytan sat in the path of Jihad, against one’s self and with his wealth, saying, `If you fight, you will be killed, your wife will be married and your wealth divided.’ So he disobeyed him and performed Jihad. Therefore, whoever among them (Children of Adam) does this and dies, it will be a promise from Allah that He admits him into Paradise. If he is killed, it will be a promise from Allah that He admits him into Paradise. If he drowns, it will be a promise from Allah that He admits him into Paradise. If the animal breaks his neck, it will be a promise from Allah that He admits him into Paradise.)
`Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas commented on:
(Then I will come to them from before them) Raising doubts in them concerning their Hereafter,
(and (from) behind them), making them more eager for this life,
(from their right), causing them confusion in the religion,
(and from their left) luring them to commit sins.”
This is meant to cover all paths of good and evil. Shaytan discourages the people from the path of good and lures them to the path of evil.
Al-Hakam bin Abban said that `Ikrimah narrated from Ibn `Abbas concerning the Ayah,
(Then I will come to them from before them and behind them, from their right and from their left,) ”
He did not say that he will come from above them, because the mercy descends from above.”
`Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said,
(and You will not find most of them to be thankful.) “means, those who single Him out (in worship).”
When Shaytan said this, it was a guess and an assumption on his part. Yet, the truth turned out to be the same, for Allah said,
(And indeed Iblis (Shaytan) did prove true his thought about them, and they followed him, all except a group of true believers. And he had no authority over them, except that We might test him who believes in the Hereafter, from him who is in doubt about it. And your Lord is Watchful over everything.) (34:20-21).
This is why there is a Hadith that encourages seeking refuge with Allah from the lures of Shaytan from all directions. Imam Ahmad narrated that `Abdullah bin `Umar said,
“The Messenger of Allah used to often recite this supplication in the morning and when the night falls,
(O Allah! I ask You for well-being in this life and the Hereafter. O Allah! I ask You for pardon and well-being in my religion, life, family and wealth. O Allah! Cover my errors and reassure me in times of difficulty. O Allah! Protect me from before me, from behind me, from my right, from my left and from above me. I seek refuge with Your greatness from being killed from below me.)”
Waki` commented (about being killed from below), “This refers to earthquakes.” Abu Dawud, An-Nasa’i, Ibn Majah, Ibn Hibban and Al-Hakim collected this Hadith, and Al-Hakim said, “Its chain is Sahih. ”
Source : Tafseer Ibn Katheer – (Soorah Al-Araaf 16-17)
Taken from Abdurahman
Are we like Shaytan, the Accursed one, simply misguided one, who’s confused?
The one who was commanded by his Lord and simply refused?
No matter what the command was, he chose to follow his own desires of only what he approved,
So when Allaah commands you to do a thing, and the choice is between following Him or your own desires, which one would you choose?
We get upset at other people for not choosing right,
Easy to judge, but our conduct sometimes are at its best while others are in sight;
And we can’t seem to get our worship perfected, our actions usually end up being light,
Even though when we hear of the Hell Fire the only thoughts that comes to mind are surrounded with torture and fright.
So what makes us so different than Iblis, when he was commanded by The Almighty but he had his own agenda?
Our desires compete with our Lord, like there could ever be a contender;
We should be aware of this ‘Anger’, because Al Fatihah clarifies it, that for every rak’ah in our prayers we need to remember,
That the ones that deserve the anger of Allaah are the ones who chooses to do wrong over right with clarity, so just sit back and ponder.
If your actions are ignorantly done versus choosing to commit a sin with clarity, are the punishments the same?
So if you knew that it was wrong from the beginning, and you still committed the act, is Shaytan to be blamed?
Are the whisperings of the Accursed devil or your desires at fault, if so, then which one should be blamed?
Has your Lord not sent enough information for you to know the difference between right and wrong, so that your Hereafter doesn’t have to end in pain?
Can’t we truly see similarities between us and him?
That at our very core all we do is double talk our way out of doing the right thing, when all we have to do is lean towards what’s right and just give in?
But many of us smoke, commit zina and all of the many things that the angels record under what we know to be sin,
But debating is our weapon we use when we are told to do what Allaah has commanded, but “not now”, “I have time”, we say, while Shaytan once again slowly wins.
Abu Muwahhid Asadullah At-Tarinidadi
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Imaam Shafi’ee Visits Imaam Ahmad –
A Strange Incident With A Beautiful Explanation!
The Personal Relationship Between a Scholar and His Student.
Imam Ahmad used to mention the virtues of his sheikh, Imam Ash Shafi’ee to his wife. He would mention to her the extensive and superb knowledge of Imam Ash Shafi’ee as well as his taqwah (i.e. piety). Imam Ahmad invited Imam Ash Shafi’ee to come visit him at his home. When the time for dinner arrived, Imam Ash Shafi’ee ate until he was full and went to the guest room for some sleep.
The wife of Imam Ahmad said to him: “O Ahmad! Is this the same Shafi’ee that you used to tell me so much about?“
Imam Ahmad said: “Indeed he is!“
So she said: “I noticed three things about him worthy of criticism! Firstly, when we served him the food, he ate plenty of it! Secondly, when he went into the guest room, he went to sleep without standing up to perform the night prayer (i.e. tahujjud)! Lastly, when he prayed Salat ul Fajr with us, he did not perform ablution (i.e. wudhu)?!”
So Imam Ahmad went to Imam Ash Shafi’ee to ask him about these three matters his wife noticed. Imam Ash Shafi’ee said to him, (the way a father would explain to his son): “O Ahmad! I ate plenty because I know for certain that your food is halal (i.e. permissible islamically) and you are a generous man! And the food that comes from a generous man is a cure, while the food that comes from a stingy man is a disease!
However, I didn’t eat plenty of food in order to achieve my fill; rather I ate plenty of your food in order to derive the cure from it! As for the reason I didn’t stand up at night to perform the night prayer, when I laid my head down to get some sleep, I looked and all I could see was the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Prophet (Sallahu alaihi wa salam) right in front of my face! So I deducted 72 fiqh related benefits from them for the Muslims to benefit from. Thus there was no opportunity for me to stand and perform the night prayer!
As for the reason why I prayed Salat ul Fajr without performing ablution, by Allah! My eyes never tasted the sweetness of sleep in order for me to renew my wudhu!! I was awake the whole night, so I prayed Salat ul Fajr with the same wudhu I had for Salat ul Isha!!!“
[Collected by Al Hafidh Ibn Hajr in Fath ul Bari concisely and by Abu Nu’aim in Hilya tul Awliyaa’.)
Narrated by al-Bukhaari (6243) and Muslim (2657) from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) who said: “Allaah has decreed for the son of Adam his share of zina which will inevitably catch up with him. The zina of the eye is looking and the zina of the tongue is speaking. The heart wishes and longs and the private part confirms that or denies it.”
According to the version narrated by Muslim: “The zina of the eyes is looking, the zina of the ears is listening, the zina of the tongue is speaking, the zina of the hand is touching, and the zina of the foot is walking. The heart wishes and longs and the private part confirms that or denies it.”
Ibn Battaal (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: Looking and speaking are called zina because they invite one to true zina. Hence he said: “the private part confirms that or denies it.” End quote from Fath al-Baari.
It was narrated in a long Hadith from Al-Bukhaari (1386, 7047) that Samurah ibn Jundub said:
…I said to my two companions, ‘Subhaan Allaah! Who are these two persons?’ They said, ‘Move on!’ So we went on, and came to something like a tannoor (a kind of oven, lined with clay, usually used for baking bread). – I think the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, in that oven there was much noise and voices. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) added: – We looked into it and saw naked men and women. A flame of fire was reaching them from underneath, and when it reached them, they cried out loudly.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) explained who these people were, he said: The naked men and women whom you saw in a structure that resembled an oven are the adulterers and adulteresses.
Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said: This indicates that some sinners will be punished in al-barzakh (the interval between death and the Day of Resurrection).
Fath al-Baari, 12/445
Al-Bukhaari narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “No adulterer is a believer at the time when he is committing adultery; no thief is a believer at the time when he is stealing; no drinker of wine is a believer at the time when he is drinking it.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari (5578) and Muslim (57).
It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah and Zayd ibn Khaalid al-Juhani (may Allaah be pleased with them both) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “… Go tomorrow, O Unays, to this woman and if she admits (to adultery) then stone her.” He said: I went to her the next day and she admitted it, so the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) ordered that she be stoned.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 2575; Muslim, 1698.
It was narrated from Jaabir that a man from (the tribe of) Aslam came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) when he was in the mosque and he said, “I have committed adultery.” The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) turned his face away from him. The man came to that side to which the Prophet had turned his face, and testified against himself four times. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “Are you mad?” He said, “No.” The Prophet said, “Are you married?” He said, “Yes.” So he commanded that he be stoned in the Musalla (Eid prayer place). When the stones troubled him, he ran away, until he was caught in al-Harrah and killed.
Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 4969; Muslim, 1691.
It was narrated that Buraydah ibn al-Haseeb said: A woman from Ghaamid, a branch of al-Azd, came and said: “O Messenger of Allaah, purify me!” He said, “Woe to you! Go back and seek the forgiveness of Allaah and repent to Him.” She said: “I think that you intend to send me back as you sent Maa’iz ibn Maalik back.” He said, “What has happened to you?” She said that she had become pregnant as a result of zina. He said: “Is it you (who has done that)?” She said: “Yes.” He said to her: “(You will not be punished) until you give birth to that which is in your womb.” A man from among the Ansaar sponsored her [i.e., paid for her needs etc] until she delivered (the child). Then he (that Ansaari) came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and said: “The Ghaamidi woman has given birth to a child.” He (the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)) said: “Then we will not stone her and so leave her child with no one to nurse him.” One of the Ansaar stood up and said: “O Messenger of Allaah, let me be responsible for ensuring that he is nursed.” Then she was stoned to death.
Narrated by Muslim, 1695.
No one should carry out the hadd punishments without the permission of the ruler. If there is no ruler who rules according to sharee’ah then it is not permissible for the ordinary people to carry out the hadd punishments. Whoever does that is sinning, because carrying out the hadd punishments requires examining the matter and requires shar’i knowledge in order to know the conditions of proof.
The ordinary people have no knowledge of such things, and the carrying out of one of the hadd punishments by the ordinary people leads to many evils and the loss of security, whereby people will attack one another and kill one another or chop off one another’s hands on the grounds that they are carrying out hadd punishments.
Al-Qurtubi said: There is no dispute among the scholars that qisaas (retaliatory punishments) such as execution cannot be carried out except by those in authority who are obliged to carry out the qisaas and carry out hadd punishments etc, because Allaah has addressed the command regarding qisaas to all the Muslims, and it is not possible for all the Muslims to get together to carry out the qisaas, which is why they appointed a leader who may represent them in carrying out the qisaas and hadd punishments.
Tafseer al-Qurtubi, 2/245, 246.
Ibn Rushd al-Qurtubi said: With regard to the one who should carry out this punishment – i.e., the hadd punishment for drinking alcohol – they agreed that the ruler should carry it out, and that applies to all the hadd punishments.
Bidaayat al-Mujtahid, 2/233.
Al-Shawkaani said: It was narrated from Abu’l-Zinaad from his father that the fuqaha’ of the people of Madeenah used to say that no one should carry out any of the hadd punishments except the ruler, unless it is a man carrying out the hadd punishment for zina on his male or female slave. Nayl al-Awtaar, 7/295, 296.
In regards to how the punishment should be carried out, It was narrated from ‘Ali (may Allaah be pleased with him) that he said: Moderate blows with a moderate whip. Not so harsh as to kill and not so weak as to be no deterrent. He should not raise his arm completely, or keep it so low that it causes no pain. Ahmad said: His armpit should not show in any of the hudood punishments, i.e., he should not raise his arm so high, because the point is to discipline him, not kill him.
From al-Mughni, 1/141-142.
From the above it is clear that an ordinary person will not usually be killed by flogging; the purpose is to serve as a rebuke and discipline. And the believers should witness this punishment, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“The fornicatress and the fornicator, flog each of them with a hundred stripes. Let not pity withhold you in their case, in a punishment prescribed by Allaah, if you believe in Allaah and the Last Day. And let a party of the believers witness their punishment”
(See Islam Q&A Fatwa: 13233)
Loneliness Is Better Than Evil Companions
Muhammad Ibn Munkadir used to say, ”A righteous companion is better than loneliness & loneliness is better than an evil companion.”
[Bahjatul Majaalis 1/48′ by Ibn Abdul Barr]
Raise your words
Raise your words not your voice, it is rain that grows flowers, not thunder,
Some of our houses are like a present-day-replica of Ike and Tina Turner’s;
Instead of being in a situation where she’s getting abused, many women would rather be a loner,
So sit back and reflect upon these words if you’re prone to ponder.
How many of us measure what we say from our words to our women,
Looking to see if it’s better to remain quiet or even worth mentioning;
Should we speak to them in a way befitting a Queen or how the slave master used to speak to grown men like they were their children,
Instead of running cool water, we’re like hot oil in a pan with a few drops of water crackling and sizzling.
Sometimes you hear men get upset at how their daughters are treated,
But their wives are beyond repair, battered and defeated;
This isn’t because of no other reason than what was born and bred in that same house that their daughters came from, another cycle completed,
But if he reads that women need to be cherished and loved on social media, he’ll be the first to post it, have it be liked, as well as retweeted.
But what is the point of insulting and abusing these fragile vessels, of our women folk,
Not to say that they are weak, because some of them are fully capable of breaking a bone or crushing a windpipe with one blow to the throat;
I mean fragile in the way that the Prophet spoke about them, and we should not make them drown but elevated and made to float,
Many of us have been living this barbaric way of life at home, because instead of proper communication they only know words like punch, kick, scream or choke.
For awhile now these women have been saying,
That the way to a beautiful life with them is a different way than how things have been relaying;
They’d rather be alone than deal with the most dangerous games that men are playing,
Instead of having to lie to friends that they ran into a door, because it was your temper that had them in a corner last night screaming and wailing.
Hate and abuse are learned traits,
So why do you teach your kids that it’s ok to demean women, the same way you teach them to eat all the vegetables off their plates;
Why not use all this testosterone and take care of them financially, as you shower them with gifts and presents like rivers and lakes,
Instead of so much aggression, relearn what you have been taught, and replace slapping, green light and a sore throat with massages, soft words and ‘wait!’
Abu Muwahhid Asadullah At-Tarinidadi