The fourth question of Fatwa no. 20145
Q 4: Is the following Hadith considered Sahih (authentic): There is no obedience to a creature if it involves disobedience to the Creator. ? Please mention the narrator and Sanad (chain of narrators) of this Hadith?
A: The Hadith in question is Sahih and is stated in the well-known Books of Sunnah. It is worth mentioning that there are similar wordings of the same Hadith that all give the same meaning. However, the wording which is quoted above was related by Imam Ahmad in his Musnad (Hadith compilation). In addition, it was related by Al-Bukhari and Muslim on the authority of `Aly (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: There is no obedience to a human being if it involves disobedience to the Creator. Obedience is only in Ma`ruf (that which is judged as good, beneficial, or fitting by Islamic law and Muslims of sound intellect).
May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.
The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’
Bakr Abu Zayd
`Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan
`Abdul-`Aziz Al Al-Shaykh
`Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
⏩ *How to Seek Knowledge if There are No Scholars in Ones Land? – Shaikh Abdul-Muhsin al-‘Abbad*
Question : In my land there are no Scholars nor circles of knowledge like in this land of yours. So I hope from you some advice about how to seek knowledge and is this through tapes or books? And how can I reconcile between the [different] sciences and their levels?
Answer : “It is upon a person to be eager to have in his land one who has knowledge, insight, and safety in Aqeedah in order to benefit from him. If he is not capable of that, then he should be eager [to obtain] the tapes of the Scholars in which there is much good, knowledge, and benefit in listening to their tapes and speech. Like: Shaikh Abdul Aziz Ibn Baz, Shaikh Muhammad Ibn Salih al-Uthaymeen, Shaikh Salih al-Fawzan, Shaikh Abdul Aziz ibn Abdullah Ala Shaikh, and other than them from the Mashaaikh who the people benefit from their tapes and knowledge. A person should not give preference to every tape he listens to. This is because some tapes have harm in them. If it is easy for him to [seek knowledge] with one who has knowledge in his land, then no doubt this is desired. If there is no reliable Scholar, then he should be eager to obtain tapes and beneficial books from the likes of these Scholars”.
[Sharh Sunan Abi Dawood no. 189]
Faisal Ibn Abdul Qaadir Ibn Hassan
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🛫 Entering Islamic countries by violating visa rules with intention of staying in Baladul Islam
Would it be permissible to gain entry into islamic countries by violating visa rules of that country for the purpose of staying in biladul islam and learning deen. I have seen fataawa of lajna prohibiting such but at the same time i have heard that some scholars have permitted it in certain situations such as for talabul ilm and for staying in biladul islam instead of biladul kufr. What is the correct position?
Shaykh Muqbil rahimahullaah was asked a similar question below –
What is the ruling on residency of the muslim in a muslim land without iqamah (residence visa)
He answered –
He stays without iqamah and the people has ordained in their minds that the iqamah is a must. The Muslim land (all of them) is one land and muslims are brothers : ” The believers are nothing else than brothers ” – (Surah Al Hujuraat :10)
and the Lord of Honour also says in His Noble Book :
“O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honourable of you with Allah is that (believer) who has At-Taqwa” (Al Hujuraat 13 )
and The Messenger sallallahu alaihi wa sallam says – “The believers in their mutual kindness, compassion and sympathy are just like one body. When one of the limbs suffers, the whole body responds to it with fever and wakefulness” (Bukhari, Muslim) .
So it is obligatory upon the muslims that they be brothers, and that there is no difference between an Arab and a non-arab and neither between the white and the black except by Taqwah.
As for as these regulatory matters, they don’t bear fruit. They said : ” For the sake of robbers!” The robbers (or those who commit prohibitions) – It is possible that they have a beard and after they steal they shave their beard and it is possible that when they steal wealth they go to parlours and make their faces smooth and later it changes to this and to something else.
And similarly also the matter of passport, so may be the picture is taking the place of picture and pictures are also alike. A person – and he was from the workers in airport – informed me that a thief traveled from a land he said : then that person came with that name and we said to him : You are so and so, he said : I am not so and so… So we stayed with him for a long time until we were tired. But we are not sure that he is the one who we think. At the end as a trick we told him, we have identified you don’t trouble us and we identified that you are such person. Then he acknowledged after a long time. (The point to understand is, they could not identify the person with photo or other details in passport and they could not make him acknowledge for a long time).
So it is a matter of imprint of a person … may be if we describe his figure [with words] then it is more better than taking these pictures, Allahul Musta’an.
And saying of the one who says : Indeed it is obligatory that he takes the iqamah if the state makes iqamah obligatory : (then) No. Why? Because it has within it pictures and the angels do not enter a house where there is a dog or picture. And the people who divided the lands of the muslims into various governments they are the enemies of Islam. Otherwise, it is obligatory upon the muslims that they have a single leader.
(Due to the hadith) “He who comes to you when you are united and wants to disunite your community, kill him.” (related by Muslim)
And it can be that a virtuous scholar says : I am not able to shelter a man who does not carry an iqamah, As for him: “Allah burdens not a person beyond his scope.” (Al Baqarah 286)
As for as he says – If the government say : The iqamah is obligatory then I say – The iqamah is obligatory then, No !! Allahul Musta’an.
Source : http://muqbel.net/fatwa.php?fatwa_id=3106
Answer by : Al Allamah Muqbil ibn Hadi Rahimahullah
Translated by : Abu Muhammad Nizam Al Hindi
Shaykh Bin Baz was asked in ‘Fatawa Islamiyyah, Vol.2, p. 336-337, “The Iqamah was called for the ‘Isha prayer and the right side of the row was filled, while there were only a few persons on the left side, so we said, ‘Make the row even on the left.’ But one of the worshippers said, ‘The right is better.’ However, one of the worshippers corrected him with the Hadith, ‘Whoever filled the left side of the rows will have two rewards.’ Please deliver a verdict for us regarding which is the correct view in this matter.”
Shaykh Bin Baz answered, “Evidence has been authentically reported from the Prophet to show that the right side of every row is better than the left, and it is not lawful to say to the people, ‘make the row even.’ And there is no objection to the right side being longer, if it be due to the desire to obtain (Allah’s) Favor. As for what one of those present said, regarding the Hadith: ‘Whoever filled the left side of the rows will have two rewards.’ I do not know any basis
قال الشيخ مقبل الوادعي جوابا عن
1- السؤال : هل هناك أدعية عند الإفطار ؟
الجواب : وأما الأدعية فمن أهل العلم من يقول : ثبت حديث : (ذهب الظمأ, وابتلت العروق , وثبـت الأجر إن شاء الله ) , والذي يظهر أنه لا يثبت حديث في الدعاء , أي : في دعاء بخصوصه , وإلا فقد ثبت : أن للصائم دعوة مستجابة عند فطره . فأنت تدعو الله بالمغفرة , وأن يشفيك , إلى ماتحتاج إليه من الأمور .
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen was asked in Fataawa al-Siyaam (p. 466):
How can we reconcile between the idea that the devils are chained up in Ramadaan and the fact the people commit sin?
The fact that sin happens in Ramadaan does not contradict the report that the devils are chained up in Ramadaan, because the fact that they are chained up does not prevent them from moving. Hence it says in the hadeeth: “And the strong devils are chained up, and they cannot achieve what they usually achieve (at other times).” Narrated by Ahmad, 7857; this hadeeth was mentioned by al-Albaani in Da’eef al-Targheeb, 586; he said: it is da’eef jiddan (very weak).
It does not mean that the devils do not move at all, rather they can move and lead people astray, but their activities during Ramadaan are not like their activities at other times.
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
⏩ *Does Speaking In Regards To The Family Or Relatives Enter Into Backbiting – Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Hizaam*
Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Hizaam was asked:
“One of the members of the family, his actions are evil. Thus, if the rest of the family speak in regards to their brothers, is that considered backbiting? It may be the nephew or cousin or similar to that.”
“If they speak amongst themselves to correct the situation or to aid each other upon advising and getting rid of this evil, then it doesn’t enter into back biting if Allah wills.
But if there is no benefit in it, rather the speech is without any legislative intent, then it enters into backbiting the prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said:
أَتَدْرُونَ مَا الْغِيبَةُ ” . قَالُوا اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَعْلَمُ . قَالَ ” ذِكْرُكَ أَخَاكَ بِمَا يَكْرَهُ
Do you know what is backbiting? They (the Companions) said: Allah and His Messenger know best. Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: Backbiting implies your talking about your brother in a manner which he does not like.
As for the one that intends to advise or correct, then he doesn’t enter into that.
Majid Jawed Al-Afghanee
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Quran and Sunnah upon the understanding of the salaf