Shaytan

(Iblis) said: “Because You have ‘Aghwaytni’ (sent me astray), surely, I will sit in wait against them (human beings) on Your straight path. Then I will come to them from before them and behind them, from their right and from their left, and You will not find most of them to be thankful.”  (Soorah Al-Araaf 16-17)

Allah said that after He gave respite to Shaytan,

(till the Day they are raised up (resurrected)) and Iblis was sure that he got what he wanted, he went on in defiance and rebellion.

He said,

(“Because You have `Aghwaytani’, surely, I will sit in wait against them (human beings) on Your straight path.”) meaning, as You have sent me astray. Ibn `Abbas said that `Aghwaytani’ means, “Misguided me.” Others said, “As You caused my ruin, I will sit in wait for Your servants whom You will create from the offspring of the one you expelled me for.” He went on,

(Your straight path), the path of truth and the way of safety. I (Iblis) will misguide them from this path so that they do not worship You Alone, because You sent me astray. Mujahid said that the `straight path’, refers to the truth.

Imam Ahmad recorded that Saburah bin Abi Al-Fakih said that he heard the Messenger of Allah saying,

(Shaytan sat in wait for the Son of Adam in all his paths. He sat in the path of Islam, saying, `Would you embrace Islam and abandon your religion and the religion of your forefathers’ However, the Son of Adam disobeyed Shaytan and embraced Islam. So Shaytan sat in the path of Hijrah (migration in the cause of Allah), saying, `Would you migrate and leave your land and sky’ But the parable of the Muhajir is that of a horse in his stamina So, he disobeyed Shaytan and migrated. So Shaytan sat in the path of Jihad, against one’s self and with his wealth, saying, `If you fight, you will be killed, your wife will be married and your wealth divided.’ So he disobeyed him and performed Jihad. Therefore, whoever among them (Children of Adam) does this and dies, it will be a promise from Allah that He admits him into Paradise. If he is killed, it will be a promise from Allah that He admits him into Paradise. If he drowns, it will be a promise from Allah that He admits him into Paradise. If the animal breaks his neck, it will be a promise from Allah that He admits him into Paradise.)

`Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas commented on:

(Then I will come to them from before them) Raising doubts in them concerning their Hereafter,

(and (from) behind them), making them more eager for this life,

(from their right), causing them confusion in the religion,

(and from their left) luring them to commit sins.”

This is meant to cover all paths of good and evil. Shaytan discourages the people from the path of good and lures them to the path of evil.

Al-Hakam bin Abban said that `Ikrimah narrated from Ibn `Abbas concerning the Ayah,

(Then I will come to them from before them and behind them, from their right and from their left,) ”

He did not say that he will come from above them, because the mercy descends from above.”

`Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said,

(and You will not find most of them to be thankful.) “means, those who single Him out (in worship).”

When Shaytan said this, it was a guess and an assumption on his part. Yet, the truth turned out to be the same, for Allah said,

(And indeed Iblis (Shaytan) did prove true his thought about them, and they followed him, all except a group of true believers. And he had no authority over them, except that We might test him who believes in the Hereafter, from him who is in doubt about it. And your Lord is Watchful over everything.) (34:20-21).

This is why there is a Hadith that encourages seeking refuge with Allah from the lures of Shaytan from all directions. Imam Ahmad narrated that `Abdullah bin `Umar said,

“The Messenger of Allah used to often recite this supplication in the morning and when the night falls,

(O Allah! I ask You for well-being in this life and the Hereafter. O Allah! I ask You for pardon and well-being in my religion, life, family and wealth. O Allah! Cover my errors and reassure me in times of difficulty. O Allah! Protect me from before me, from behind me, from my right, from my left and from above me. I seek refuge with Your greatness from being killed from below me.)”

Waki` commented (about being killed from below), “This refers to earthquakes.” Abu Dawud, An-Nasa’i, Ibn Majah, Ibn Hibban and Al-Hakim collected this Hadith, and Al-Hakim said, “Its chain is Sahih. ”

Source : Tafseer Ibn Katheer – (Soorah Al-Araaf 16-17)

Taken from Abdurahman

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A student of knowledge and his time

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

⏩ How Does A Student Of Knowledge Take Advantage Of His Time – Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Hizaam

Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Hizaam was asked:

يقول السائل: طالب العلم كيف يستغل وقته ؟

The questioner says:

How does a student of knowledge take advantage of his time?

الإجـــــــــابة :-

يبتدئ طالب العلم بالإقبال على حفظ القرآن وحفظ السنة ولا يشق على نفسه ويأخذ له مع الحفظ شيئاً من الدروس كالدرسين والثلاثة في التوحيد و العقيدة والنحو والتجويد ويستمر على ذلك ويراجع ويحافظ على أوقاته ويكثر من المراجعة ويعتني بالإتقان في حفظه فليقسم أوقاته :

The answer:

The student of knowledge begins by having an acceptance to memorize the Qur’an and memorizing the Sunnah, while not making it hard upon himself. Along with his memorization, he can also take lessons, such as two lessons or three in Tawheed, Aqeedah, Arabic grammar, Tajweed, and he continues like this, reviewing and preserving his time. He constantly reviews and pays attention to perfecting what he has memorized, while properly dividing his time.

أوقات للحفظ أوقات للدروس والمراجعة

Times for memorizing and times for lessons and reviewing.

وإذا فتح الله عليه بعد ذلك بحفظ القرآن وحفظ أحاديث رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم عند ذلك يغلب جانب الدروس ويجعل وقتاً لمراجعة المحفوظات

If, after that, Allah bestows upon him (the blessing of) memorizing the Quran and memorizing narrations of the the messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم, he then makes more time for (attending) lessons and places a time for reviewing that which he had previously memorized.

وننصح طالب العلم أن يستفيد من إخوانه الذين تقدموه في طلب العلم ويستشيرهم فيما يقبل عليه فإن هذا السؤال جوابه طويل ويحتاج إلى كلامٍ كثير ولكن استفد ممن تقدمك في طلب العلم ويجعل الله عزوجل في ذلك الخير .

We advise that a student of knowledge benefit from his brothers that preceded him in seeking knowledge and seek their advice in that which they are proceeding upon (the knowledge they are acquiring). The answer to this question is a long one and is in need of a lot of speech, but benefit from those who have preceded you in seeking knowledge and Allah Aza Wa Jal will place good in that.

Translated by

Majid Jawed Al-Afghanee

Abu Layl

🔗 http://torontodawah.com/how-does-a-student-of-knowledge-take-advantage-of-his-time-shaykh-muhammad-ibn-hizaam/

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Quran and Sunnah upon the understanding of the salaf

Learning Arabic :Kitaab Al Asaasee

المحوّلة:

الموضوع: Al Kitaab al Asaaseehttp://qaryah.files.wordpress.com/2010/11/00_tank.pdf http://qaryah.files.wordpress.com/2010/11/01p_tank.pdf http://qaryah.files.wordpress.com/2010/11/01_tank.pdf http://qaryah.files.wordpress.com/2010/11/02_tank.pdf http://qaryah.files.wordpress.com/2010/11/03_tank.pdf http://qaryah.files.wordpress.com/2010/11/04_tank.pdf http://qaryah.files.wordpress.com/2010/11/05_tank.pdf http://qaryah.files.wordpress.com/2010/11/06_tank.pdf

The construction of Masjid Haram and Masjid Al Aqsa

There is a hadith that says the period between the construction of the Masjid Al Haram and Masjid Al Aqsa was fourty years, how can this be?

Answer :

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta has said in a answer :

Scholars have different views regarding who built Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa. It is said that it was Prophet Ya`qub (Jacob) ibn Is-haq (Isaac) ibn Ibrahim (Abraham). This view is close to the truth. It is also said that it was Sulayman (Solomon). The soundest opinion is that Sulayman renewed it but did not establish it. Because there were more than forty years between Sulayman and Ibrahim (Abraham) just as Al-Hafizh ibn Kathir (may Allah be merciful to him) mentioned.

Muslim related in his Sahih (authentic) Book of Hadith on the authority of Abu Dhar (may Allah be pleased with him) that he said: I said: O Messenger of Allah, which mosque was laid first on earth? He said: Al-Masjid Al-Haram. I said: Then what was next? He said: Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa I said: How long was between them? He said: Forty years. Wheresoever the time comes for Salah, perform it for it is a Masjid.

End of the Quote.

So the Masjid Al Haram was built by Ibrahim (Alaihissalam) and Masjid Al Aqsa was built by Yaqub (Alaihissalam) -who was grand son of Ibrahim- according to sound opinion and between the two was forty years.

See the full fatwa here :

http://www.alifta.net/Fatawa/FatawaDetails.aspx?languagename=en&View=Page&PageID=1999&PageNo=1&BookID=7#P228

How to seek knowledge if there isn’t any Scholars in your land. 

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم 
⏩ *How to Seek Knowledge if There are No Scholars in Ones Land? – Shaikh Abdul-Muhsin al-‘Abbad*
Question : In my land there are no Scholars nor circles of knowledge like in this land of yours. So I hope from you some advice about how to seek knowledge and is this through tapes or books? And how can I reconcile between the [different] sciences and their levels?
Answer : “It is upon a person to be eager to have in his land one who has knowledge, insight, and safety in Aqeedah in order to benefit from him. If he is not capable of that, then he should be eager [to obtain] the tapes of the Scholars in which there is much good, knowledge, and benefit in listening to their tapes and speech. Like: Shaikh Abdul Aziz Ibn Baz, Shaikh Muhammad Ibn Salih al-Uthaymeen, Shaikh Salih al-Fawzan, Shaikh Abdul Aziz ibn Abdullah Ala Shaikh, and other than them from the Mashaaikh who the people benefit from their tapes and knowledge. A person should not give preference to every tape he listens to. This is because some tapes have harm in them. If it is easy for him to [seek knowledge] with one who has knowledge in his land, then no doubt this is desired. If there is no reliable Scholar, then he should be eager to obtain tapes and beneficial books from the likes of these Scholars”.
[Sharh Sunan Abi Dawood no. 189]
Translated by
Faisal Ibn Abdul Qaadir Ibn Hassan
Abu Sulaymaan
🔗 http://darussaafi.com/?p=4039

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