Zakatul Fitr 

💰💸 *ZAKAT AL – FITR*💰💸
💠 *Summarized Rulings Regarding Zakaah al-Fitr* 💠


1 *What is the ruling regarding Sadaqah al-Fitr?*
🎓Ibn Baaz said:
🔹Zakaah al-Fitr is mandatory upon every Muslim, young or old, male or female, free or enslaved 

✏ (al-Fataawaa 14/197).
2 *With what is the Zakaah al-Fitr given?*
🎓Ibn Baaz said:
🔹A Saa’ (four handfuls) of food, dates, barely, raisins, and cheese; and according to the most correct opinion of the scholars, what is also included with these types is anything that the people nourish themselves with in their countries like rice, maze, millet and anything similar to these.
3 *What is the measure for Zakaah al-Fitr?*


🎓Ibn Baaz said:


🔹What is mandatory for this is one Saa’ from the food of the country and its measurement is with Kilos—approximately three Kilos 

✏ (al-Fataawaa 14-203).
4 *When is the time for giving Zakaah al-Fitr?*


🎓Ibn Baaz said:


🔹It is given on the days of the 28th, 29th, and 30th as well as the night of ‘Eed. It is also given in the morning of ‘Eed before the Prayer 

✏ (al-Fataawaa 14/32-33).

5 *What is the reason for giving Zakaah al-Fitr?*


🎓 Ibn ‘Uthaymiin said:


🔹To show gratitude for the blessings of Allaah upon the servant regarding the breaking of the fast of Ramadaan and its completion

✏ (al-Fataawaa 18/257).

6 *Who is Zakaah al-Fitr given to?*


🎓Ibn ‘Uthaymiin said:


🔹It is not to be given except to the poor

✏ (al-Fataawaa 18/259).

7 *What is the ruling on entrusting children or other than them with giving Zakaah al-Fitr on a person’s behalf?*


🎓Ibn ‘Uthaymiin said:


🔹It is permissible for a person to authorize his children to give Zakaah al-Fitr on his behalf at its time even if he is in another country at the time for work 

✏ (al-Fataawaa 18/262).

8 *Is it permissible for the poor to authorize someone else to take the Zakaah al-Fitr for him?*


🎓Ibn ‘Uthaymiin said:


🔹 It is permissible 

✏ (al-Fataawaa 18/268).

9 *Is there a specific statement that should be made when giving Zakaah al-Fitr?*


🔹We do not know of any specific Du’aa (Supplication) that is said at the time of giving it

✏ (al-Lajnah ad-Daa’imah 9/387).

10 *Is it permissible to give Zakaah al-Fitr in its worth (in money)?*


🎓Ibn Baaz said:


🔹It is not permissible to give its worth (with cash) according to the opinion of many scholars due to its opposition to the direct statement of the Prophet—صلى الله عليه و سلم—and his companions—رضي الله عنهم

✏ (al-Fataawaa 14/32).


🎓 Ibn ‘Uthaymiin said:


🔹Giving it in cash will not suffice, because it has been prescribed to be given in food 

✏(al-Fataawaa 18/265).

11 *Is it permissible to give Zakaah al-Fitr in a country different from the one its giver is in?*


🎓Ibn Baaz said:


🔹The Sunnah is to distribute it amongst the poor in the country of the one giving it and to not give it in cash in a different country so that he can enrich the poor from his country and satisfy their need 

✏ (al-Fataawaa 14/213).
12 *Where is Zakaah al-Fitr given?*


🎓 Ibn ‘Uthaymiin said:


🔹Zakaah al-Fitr is dispensed in the land that you are in upon breaking the fast [of Ramadaan] even if it is far from your country.

13 *Is Zakaah al-Fitr given for a fetus?*


🎓 Ibn ‘Uthaymiin said:


🔹It is not given on the fetus’s behalf due to it being obligatory; rather it is given because it is highly recommended

✏ (al-Fataawa 18/263).

14 *Is it permissible to give Zakaah al-Fitr to Non-Muslim workers?*
🎓Ibn ‘Uthaymiin said:
🔹It is not permissible to give it to other than the poor from the Muslims

✏ (al-Fataawaa 18/285).
15 *Is the Zakaah al-Fitr for a single person given to just one individual or can it be dispersed amongst several people?*
🔹It is permissible to give the Zakaah al-Fitr for a single person to an individual just as it permissible to distribute it amongst a number of people 

✏(al-Lajnah ad-Daa’imah 9/377).
16 *What is the ruling on the one who accepts Zakaah al-Fitr and then sells it?*
🔹If the one who took it was deserving of it, it is permissible for him to sell it upon receiving it

✏ (al-Lajnah ad-Daa’imah 9/380).
17 *Delaying the giving of the Zakaah al-Fitr to after ‘Eid without an excuse.*
🎓Ibn ‘Uthaymiin said:
🔹 Delaying it until after the Salaah is Haraam (impermissible) and it will not suffice 

✏ (al-Fataawaa 18/266).
Via Abu Sahl Fahad Barmem


The difference between Taraweeh, Tahajjud and Qiyaam

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم 

*The difference between: Taraweeh, Tahajjud and Qiyaam* 
*Qiyaam* : refers to the night prayers offered during the first, last, or any other part of the night; whether this be in the month Ramadhan or not. 


*Tahajjud* : refers to the night prayers *offered specifically during the last part of the night, after waking up from sleep*; whether this be in Ramadhan or not. 
*Side Benefit:*

The Taa at the beginning of تهجد is known as the _Taa-us-salb_ (The Taa of disposession); it is known as such because when it is prefixed to a word it changes the original meaning of the word to the opposite meaning. For example : هَجَدَ means : to sleep, but when the Taa is prefixed = تََهَجَّّدَ, the meaning is the opposite : to awaken from sleep. And so due to its relevance, this word was used to refer to the night prayers offered after awakening from sleep  
Another example of this is the word أَثِمَ, meaning : to sin, when the Taa is prefixed = َتَأَثَّمَ, the meaning changes to : abstaining from sin. 
*Taraweeh* : refers to the night prayers that are *offered specifically during the month of Ramadhan*; whether this be in the first, last, or any other part of the night. And it was called Taraweeh due to the rests (Istiraahah) taken between the individual sets. 
*In sumary:*
*1* – Qiyaam is more comprehensive in comparison to Tahajjud and Taraweeh. 

i.e. Every Qiyaam is Tahajjud, but not Every Tahajjud is Qiyaam. 

Likewise, every Qiyaam is Taraweeh, but not every Taraweeh is Qiyaam.Thus there exists between the 2 (Qiyaam vs Tahajjud, & Qiyaam vs Taraweeh) عموم وخصوص (proper subset) 
[*What is a Proper Subset?* : A is a proper subset of B if, and only if, every element in A is also in B, and there exists at least one element in B that is not found in A. Example : {1, 2, 3} is a proper subset of {1, 2, 3, 4} because the element 4 is not in the first set.
So let’s say A = Qiyaam {night prayer in general, in and outside Ramadhan, any part of the night), and B = Tahajjud {night prayers in and outside Ramadhan, *last part of the night – after waking from sleep}; A is a proper subset of B because the element of waking up from sleep and offering this salah in the last part of the night is not present in A.] 
*2* – Likewise, Taraweeh and Tahajjud are the same in some aspects, but differ with one another in other aspects; this relationship is referred to as : عموم وخصوص وجهي (intersection of sets) 
[*What is intersection of sets?* : The intersection of two sets A and B is the set of elements common to both A and B. Example : A = {1, 2, 5, 6, 8} & B = {1, 3, 4, 5, 7}. Thus A intersects B at 1 & 5.
Taraweeh and Tahajjud intersect or both share in being night prayers – this is the common element, but they differ in everything else; Taraweeh is specific to Ramadhan, whereas Tahajjud is not. Similarly, Tahajjud is specific to the last part of the night after waking up from sleep, whereas Taraweeh is not.]
Night prayers offered in Ramadhan, during the first part of the night can be referred to as being both : Qiyaam and Taraweeh, and if they were offered in Ramadhan, during the last part of the night, it can be referred to using all three terms : Qiyaam, Taraweeh and Tahajjud. 


Benefitted from :

*Shaykh Abdullah Al-iryani*
Translated by:

*Abu Ishaq Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Al-Barawi*

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