Category Archives: Salaah

Eclipse Prayer

The fifth question of Fatwa no. 9527

Q 5: How many Rak‘ahs (units of Prayer) are there in Salat-ul-Khusuf (Prayer on a lunar eclipse)? And what is to be recited in them?

A: Salat-ul-Kusuf (Prayer on a solar eclipse) and Salat-ul-Khusuf (Prayer on a lunar eclipse) are each comprised of two Rak‘ahs (units of Prayer). Recitation in both Salahs (Prayers) is performed out loud. In each Rak‘ah, there are two Ruku‘s (bowing), the second of which is always shorter than the first, and there are also two recitations. After the Takbirat-ul-Ihram (saying: “Allahu Akbar [Allah is the Greatest]” upon starting Prayer), Surah Al-Fatihah and a long Surah are recited. After the first Ruku‘, Surah Al-Fatihah and a long Surah are recited, which is shorter than the preceding recitation. There are two Sujuds (Prostrations) in each Rak‘ah. This is the most authentic report mentioned regarding this Salah.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Deputy Chairman     Chairman

`Abdul-Razzaq `Afify     `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

Advertisements

Women covering their faces in the salaah done in public


☄ Woman covering face in salaah while in public
Question 437
A brother’s wife asks him evidence for covering face in salah while in public. He gave her the below hadith of Ayisha radhiyallahu anha as proof but she says this hadith cannot be taken as a proof since this be a ruling specific to the wives of the prophet (sallaahu alayhiwas salem). How should he respond to her ?
Aa’ishah (radyAllaahu anhaa) said:”Male riders would pass by us while we (wives) were in the state of ihraam with the Messenger of Allaah (sallaahu alayhiwas salem). When they would approach us, (each) one of uswould let her jilbaab fall down from (the top of) her head overher face. And when they had passed on, we would uncover our faces”
(Reported by Ahmad, Abu Dawood and ibn Maajah)
Answer :
The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ was asked :
When it is time of Salah (Prayer) and I am in the presence of non-Mahrams (not a spouse or unmarriageable relatives), I keep my face veiled and keep wearing the gloves and socks during Salah and when I prostrate I keep my face veil down; because raising the veil causes me to make many moves in Salah and I keep wearing the gloves and socks. Is my Sujud (prostration) in this description valid?
Answer : What you do in your Salah in the presence of non-Mahrams, such as your covering your face and hands even in the Sujud (prostration) pose, is obligatory for you; because it is not permissible for a woman to uncover any part of her body in front of non-Mahrams, neither in Salah nor otherwise.
May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.
Source : http://www.alifta.net/Fatawa/FatawaDetails.aspx?languagename=en&View=Page&PageID=12444&PageNo=1&BookID=7#P251
In other place, they have mentioned :
All a woman’s body is considered `Awrah (parts of the body that must be covered in public), except for her face during Salah, if she is not seen by non-Mahrams (not a spouse or permanently unmarriageable relatives). Otherwise she has to cover her face as well. This is according to the authentically reported Hadith from the Prophet (peace be upon him) that he said: ‘A woman is `Awrah (i.e. her entire body must be covered). (Related by Al-Tirmidhy)’
Source : http://www.alifta.net/Fatawa/FatawaDetails.aspx?languagename=en&View=Page&PageID=12441&PageNo=1&BookID=7
Compiled by : AbdunNoor Al Hindi
🌐 http://qandabenefits.com/2153/woman-covering-face-in-salaah-while-in-public
══════ ❁✿❁ ══════

📩Ask the ’Ulamā📩

📲To Join on telegram: 
Text your 1⃣Name, 2⃣Number, 3⃣Referer Name

To Any of the following brothers on telegram – 
@AbuYahyaFazalullah

https://goo.gl/CvYdWt
@NezamUddin

https://goo.gl/Ojdv1C
Subscribe to @qandabenefits
══════ ❁✿❁ ══════

The difference between Taraweeh, Tahajjud and Qiyaam

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم 

*The difference between: Taraweeh, Tahajjud and Qiyaam* 
*Qiyaam* : refers to the night prayers offered during the first, last, or any other part of the night; whether this be in the month Ramadhan or not. 

 

*Tahajjud* : refers to the night prayers *offered specifically during the last part of the night, after waking up from sleep*; whether this be in Ramadhan or not. 
*Side Benefit:*

The Taa at the beginning of تهجد is known as the _Taa-us-salb_ (The Taa of disposession); it is known as such because when it is prefixed to a word it changes the original meaning of the word to the opposite meaning. For example : هَجَدَ means : to sleep, but when the Taa is prefixed = تََهَجَّّدَ, the meaning is the opposite : to awaken from sleep. And so due to its relevance, this word was used to refer to the night prayers offered after awakening from sleep  
Another example of this is the word أَثِمَ, meaning : to sin, when the Taa is prefixed = َتَأَثَّمَ, the meaning changes to : abstaining from sin. 
*Taraweeh* : refers to the night prayers that are *offered specifically during the month of Ramadhan*; whether this be in the first, last, or any other part of the night. And it was called Taraweeh due to the rests (Istiraahah) taken between the individual sets. 
*In sumary:*
*1* – Qiyaam is more comprehensive in comparison to Tahajjud and Taraweeh. 

i.e. Every Qiyaam is Tahajjud, but not Every Tahajjud is Qiyaam. 

Likewise, every Qiyaam is Taraweeh, but not every Taraweeh is Qiyaam.Thus there exists between the 2 (Qiyaam vs Tahajjud, & Qiyaam vs Taraweeh) عموم وخصوص (proper subset) 
[*What is a Proper Subset?* : A is a proper subset of B if, and only if, every element in A is also in B, and there exists at least one element in B that is not found in A. Example : {1, 2, 3} is a proper subset of {1, 2, 3, 4} because the element 4 is not in the first set.
So let’s say A = Qiyaam {night prayer in general, in and outside Ramadhan, any part of the night), and B = Tahajjud {night prayers in and outside Ramadhan, *last part of the night – after waking from sleep}; A is a proper subset of B because the element of waking up from sleep and offering this salah in the last part of the night is not present in A.] 
*2* – Likewise, Taraweeh and Tahajjud are the same in some aspects, but differ with one another in other aspects; this relationship is referred to as : عموم وخصوص وجهي (intersection of sets) 
[*What is intersection of sets?* : The intersection of two sets A and B is the set of elements common to both A and B. Example : A = {1, 2, 5, 6, 8} & B = {1, 3, 4, 5, 7}. Thus A intersects B at 1 & 5.
Taraweeh and Tahajjud intersect or both share in being night prayers – this is the common element, but they differ in everything else; Taraweeh is specific to Ramadhan, whereas Tahajjud is not. Similarly, Tahajjud is specific to the last part of the night after waking up from sleep, whereas Taraweeh is not.]
 *Conclusion:*
Night prayers offered in Ramadhan, during the first part of the night can be referred to as being both : Qiyaam and Taraweeh, and if they were offered in Ramadhan, during the last part of the night, it can be referred to using all three terms : Qiyaam, Taraweeh and Tahajjud. 
———————————

 

Benefitted from :

*Shaykh Abdullah Al-iryani*
Translated by:

*Abu Ishaq Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Al-Barawi*
——————————–

Those who leave off the Maghrib Prayer to break their fast

❌Those Who Leave The Maghrib Prayer in Congregation Due to Breaking the Fast:
The Noble scholar Shaykh Salih al-Fawzaan (حفظه الله) said: 
✳“Here, there’s a matter which is a must that attention brought to, and it is that some of the people sit at the table where a person’s fast is broken, have dinner and leave off praying Maghrib in congregation in the Masjid. As a result of that, the person commits a great mistake, and it is staying back from praying (the Maghrib) in congregation in the Masjid. He causes himself to miss out on a magnificent reward and subjects himself to the punishment (of Allaah). That which is legislated for the person fasting is that he first breaks his fast, then he goes (to the Masjid) for the prayer, then afterwards he has his dinner.” 
📘[Mulakh-khas al-Fiqhee V. 1 Pg. 381]

Filling the right side of the rows first

Shaykh Bin Baz was asked in ‘Fatawa Islamiyyah, Vol.2, p. 336-337, “The Iqamah was called for the ‘Isha prayer and the right side of the row was filled, while there were only a few persons on the left side, so we said, ‘Make the row even on the left.’ But one of the worshippers said, ‘The right is better.’ However, one of the worshippers corrected him with the Hadith, ‘Whoever filled the left side of the rows will have two rewards.’ Please deliver a verdict for us regarding which is the correct view in this matter.”

Shaykh Bin Baz answered, “Evidence has been authentically reported from the Prophet to show that the right side of every row is better than the left, and it is not lawful to say to the people, ‘make the row even.’ And there is no objection to the right side being longer, if it be due to the desire to obtain (Allah’s) Favor. As for what one of those present said, regarding the Hadith: ‘Whoever filled the left side of the rows will have two rewards.’ I do not know any basis